Gastric Bypass, Roux en-Y is considered the "gold standard"
of modern obesity surgery -- the benchmark to which other
operations are compared, for evaluation of their quality and
operation achieves its effects by creating a very small stomach
pouch (thumb-sized, actually), from which the rest of the
stomach is permanently divided and separated. The small intestine
is cut about 18 inches below the stomach, and is re-arranged
so as to provide an outlet to the small stomach, while maintaining
the flow of digestive juices at the same time. The lower part
of the stomach is bypassed, and food enters the second part
of the small bowel within about 10 minutes of beginning the
here to view an animation of the procedure.
is very little interference with normal absorption of food
- the operation works by reducing food intake, and reducing
the feeling of hunger. The result is a very early sense of
fullness, followed by a very profound sense of satisfaction.
Even though the portion size may be small, there is no hunger,
and no feeling of having been deprived: when truly satisfied,
you feel indifferent to even the choicest of foods.
Patients continue to enjoy eating - but they enjoy eating
a lot less.
Gastric Bypass provides an excellent tool for gaining long-term
control of weight, without the hunger or craving usually associated
with small portions, or with dieting. Weight loss of 80 -
100% of excess body weight is achievable for most patients,
and long-term maintenance of weight loss is very successful
-- but does require adherence to a simple and straightforward
techniques for performing the Gastric Bypass by laparoscopy,
or limited access, was first performed in 1993. This operation
duplicates the anatomy and physiology of the standard, open
surgery first became available around 1990, when small, light-weight,
high-resolution video cameras were developed, allowing surgeons
to "see" into the abdomen using a pencil-thin optical
telescope, and to project the picture from the video camera
on a TV monitor at the head of the operating table. The surgeon
must develop skills in operating by this new method, without
being able to feel tissue directly, and by learning to determine
where instruments are by seeing them on TV.
benefits of the laparoscopic approach come from the very small
incisions which are necessary, which cause much less pain,
and very little scarring. Patients are able to get up and
walk within hours after surgery, can breath easier, and move
without discomfort. Bowel activity usually is not affected,
as it is with an open incision. Most persons find they can
return to normal activities within 10 12 days, or even
risks of surgery performed laparoscopically are comparable
to those the standard operation when done by an experienced
and skilled laparoscopic surgeon. Some bariatric surgeons
have been unable to master the techniques of advanced laparoscopic
surgery, and therefore do not offer this method or
may even try to claim that it is less effective which
is certainly not true.
With the Gastric Bypass procedures, using the laparoscopic
technique, results have been equal to, or better than, those
obtained with the open operation, but with major reduction
of discomfort and disability, and excellent cosmetic results
as an additional benefit.
500 patients who have undergone laparoscopic surgery, weight
loss averages over 80% of excess body weight, one year after
surgery, and has been maintained over 80% for over 5 years.
Over 95% of all health problems (co-morbidities) associated
with their obesity have been resolved following surgery. Patients
enjoy a normal-style diet, and are satisfied to eat smaller
here to learn more about Laparoscopic surgery.
Banding is a variation on the gastroplasty, in which the stomach
is neither opened nor stapled -- a band is placed around the
outside of the upper stomach, to create an hourglass-shaped
stomach, and to produce a small pouch with a narrow outlet.
The special device used to accomplish this is made of implantable
silicone rubber, and contains an adjustable balloon, which
allows us to adjust the function of the band, without re-operation.
This device enjoys considerable advantage over the standard
can be inserted laparoscopically, without
the usual large incision.
does not require any opening in the gastrointestinal tract,
so infection risk is reduced.
is no staple line to come apart.
operation may be particularly suited to persons between 200
and 270 lb weight, who need to find a rapid and more convenient
solution, and to return to full activity very quickly:
businesspersons, salespersons, and the self-employed.
Although its effects may not be as profound as the gastric
bypass, the risk of the procedure appears to be less, and
the recovery time is the shortest.
most significant problem associated with the LapBand has been
alteration in the size of the stomach pouch which is isolated
above the band. This pouch may enlarge in some cases,
either due to slippage of the band, or stretching of the wall
of the pouch. This occurrence may cause poor weight
loss, reflux of gastric acid causing heartburn, and can lead
to obstruction of the stomach outlet. Stretching of
the stomach wall can cause irreversible damage to the upper
stomach, and the result in many cases is a need to remove
the band, and convert to a better operation - which might
have been done in the first place.